SEE THE MAYAN GODS | Hampton, Cecil | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Gods of Jade and Shadow. Yukateeks Maya. Naar de inhoud springen. Startpagina Algemeen Geschiedenis Mooiste huis van nederland, economische en. Aztec kings rule through skillful alliances, marriage and murder. They build remarkable cities and their systems of education and religion flourish until strange.
Mayan GodsDetail of ancient Mayan Gods and demons at Copan, Honduras. Yukateeks Maya. Mayan Prophecies: Blood Moon Collector's Edition > iPad, iPhone, Android. Gods of Jade and Shadow. Yukateeks Maya. Naar de inhoud springen. Startpagina Algemeen Geschiedenis Mooiste huis van nederland, economische en. Jetzt Mayan Gods spielen! Jetzt spielen. Melde dich an & spiele mit Echtgeld. Auszahlungsquoten: % Min/Max Wetteinsatz: – Volatilität: Hoch.
Mayan Gods Mayan Gods VideoNational Geographic Documentary - The Maya: The Lost Civilization [Documentary 2015]
Itzamn was always benevolent. Although second in power, Chac was first in importance as the god of rain, and by association, the weather and fertility.
Ah Mun was the corn god and the god of agriculture. He was always represented as a youth, often with a corn ear headdress. The god of death, ruled over the ninth and lowest of the Maya underworlds.
Some researchers believe that Hunab Ku refers to the Christian God, a concept which was introduced to the Mayans after the Spaniards conquered their lands.
Alternatively, it is suggested that Hunab Ku refers to an originally Mayan deity who was worshiped before the Spanish arrived in Mesoamerica.
Huracan was one of the most powerful Mayan deities. He was considered the god of fire, storm and wind, and was one of the prominent deities of the Mayan pantheon who played a role in creating different versions of humanity.
Mayans believed that after the gods destroyed Earth in a great deluge at the end of a previous epoch, Huracan summoned the land out of the water until it finally rose.
In Mayan depictions, he is shown as a deity with one human leg and a serpent in the place of his other leg. According to Mayan mythology , he also took part in destroying the previous failed attempts at creating humans.
Itzamna was considered the creator deity in the Mayan pantheon. He is among the most supreme Mayan deities and Mayans regarded him as the god of rulership.
She is represented as an aged woman. Chaac is the goggled-eyed rain god, of prime importance to the Mayans. Chaac has a four-fold aspect, with each aspect representing the cardinal directions and colors.
Chaac brought clouds, thunder, lightning and most importantly, rain. Kukulkan is the feathered serpent god of the Mayans.
Kukulkan was worshipped by other Mesoamerican cultures such as the Aztecs, where the god was known as Quetzalcoatl. A Mayan cult grew up around Kukulkan, the priests of which helped peaceful trade and communications among the Mayans.
Human sacrifices were offered to Kukulkan. Much of the Mayan religion is not clearly understood today because of its complexity and rich pantheon of deities.
Scholars have been able to decipher some of the major elements of Mayan religion, but other elements may never be known. A group of four Chorti rain gods who live in lakes and make rain clouds from the water in them.
As with the Bacabs, each of the rain gods was associated with a cardinal direction. Chiccan was also the name of a day in the Tzolkin cycle of the calendar.
A god of earthquakes and death who lived in Metnal. He is often depicted as a dancing human skeleton smoking a cigarette. Ek Chuaj, the "black war chief" was the patron god of warriors and merchants.
He was depicted carrying a bag over his shoulder. In art, he was a dark-skinned man with circles around his eyes, a scorpion tail and dangling lower lip.
The three patron deities of the Palenque kingdom, made up of a sea deity with a shell ear, GII a baby lightning god god K , and GIII the jaguar god of fire , also patron of the number seven.
God E: The Maya god of Maize. God H: A youthful male deity, perhaps a wind god. Hun-Hunahpu: Father of the Hero Twins.
Jester God: A shark god, with a head ornament that resembles that used on a medieval European court jester.
Long-nosed and long-lipped deities: Numerous gods have been called long nosed or long lipped; those with upward-turning snouts are associated with serpents, those with downward curving snouts are birds.
Pauahtun: The Skybearer god, who corresponds to the four directions and appears in both single and quadripartite form God N , and sometimes wears a turtle carapace.
Scribal gods: Numerous avatars of gods are illustrated sitting cross-legged and writing: Itzamna appears as a scribe or a teacher of scribes, Chac is illustrated writing or painting or spewing out numbers strips of paper; and in the Popol Vuh are illustrated the monkey scribes and artists, Hun Batz and Hun Chuen.
Sky Bearers: Pan-Mesoamerican gods who had the task of sustaining the sky, four deities known as bacabs , related to Pauahtun.
Tohil: Patron god of the Quiche at the time of the Spanish conquest, and the principal god named in the Popol Vuh, who demands blood sacrifice and might be another name for God K.
Vision Serpent: A rearing serpent with a single head and prominent snake markings whose mouth belches out gods, ancestors, and other nobles.
Water Lily Serpent: An undulating serpent with a head with a downward curving beak of a bird wearing a waterlily pad and flower as a hat; associated with the surface of still water.
Sources and Further Reading. Share Flipboard Email. Ancient History and Latin Expert. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin.
To that end, the very connection of the act of suicide and a Mayan deity was probably first made by 16th-century Spanish bishop Diego de Landa.
He went on to hint at how in Mayan circles, suicide committed due to depression, sickness or pain was seen in a relatively positive light, and as such, the deceased person was allowed to the gloria heaven , often accompanied by Ix Tab, the goddess of the gallows.
As for another hypothesis, Ix Tab might have been the female version of Ah Tab or Ah Tabay — a minor Mayan god of hunting associated with snaring or deceiving.
Often associated with alcoholic brews, Acan or Akan was regarded as one of the Mayan gods who reveled in the boisterous celebrations and drinking.
Unsurprisingly, he was the patron of balche , a Mesoamerican cocktail made from fermented honey and the bitter bark of Blache tree.
In some cases, Acan was also represented as a close friend or aspect of Cucoch , the Mayan god of creative endeavors, thereby also underlining how artistic flair was seen as an extension of recreational activities.
Also known as the Feathered Serpent Quetzalcoatl in Aztec mythology , the origins of Kukulkan go back to the Late Preclassic Period, as is evident from the representation of the serpent god found at the Olmec site of La Venta.
The stela, dating from some time between — BC, portrays a serpent rearing its head behind a person possibly a priest. Incredibly enough, given the diversity of cultures in Mesoamerica and the ever-evolving nature of myths and lore, Kukulkan was also portrayed in forms that went beyond the morphology of serpents.
For example, dating from circa — AD, there are a few representations of Kukulkan, especially from the site of Xochicalco a pre-Columbian site that was settled by Mayan traders that are distinctly human in form.
A few of them were possibly even inspired by human rulers who were carved their legacy by influence and conquests. Its center of worship probably pertained to Teotihuacan, the largest city in the pre-Columbian Americas, by circa 1st century AD.